Acute alloxan diabetes (3 days) in the rat resulted in a decreased ability of the isolated perfused working heart to respond to increased atrial filling pressure with normal systolic (aortic) pressure development, using a physiologic concentration of glucose (5 mM) as substrate. The diabetic heart also exhibited impaired cardiac output, which could be attributed entirely to decreased aortic output without any apparent effect on coronary flow. This decrease in ventricular performance was accompanied by a 40% reduction in glucose uptake and a 20% reduction in tissue ATP concentrations even though perfusate glucose levels remained at or near physiologic levels. Perfusion of hearts with 5 mM glucose plus 10(-8) M insulin, with 10 or 30 mM glucose, or 1 mM octanoate reversed the diabetes-related decrease in systolic pressure development, cardiac output, and tissue ATP content. These data demonstrate that the defect in cardiac performance with increased work loads associated with acute insulin deficiency is due to the relative inability of the heart to utilize physiologic concentrations of glucose as substrate for energy production.
- Copyright © 1979 the American Physiological Society