The exchange of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled dextrans ranging in weight-averaged molecular weight from 19,400 to 160,000 and 125I-bovine serum albumin (BSA) between dialysis fluid (5% BSA in Krebs-Ringer solution) in the peritoneal cavity and the plasma was studied in anesthetized female Sprague-Dawley rats. Plasma and peritoneal samples were collected for 3-4 h after either 1) an intraperitoneal injection of dialysis fluid with tracer or 2) an intravenous injection of tracer material simultaneously with an intraperitoneal injection of dialysis solution without tracer. Analysis of the data by means of a mathematical model of the transport process suggests a functional asymmetry in transport of large molecules across the blood capillary wall. Substances injected intravenously have a net transport from the blood capillaries to the peritoneal cavity. Substances of molecular weight greater than or equal to 39,000 transport from the cavity to the plasma via peritoneal lymphatics; 19,400 molecular-weight dextran transports from the cavity to the plasma primarily via lymphatics with some blood capillary uptake. Tissue diffusivities and capillary mass transport coefficients are derived for the substances tested.
- Copyright © 1985 the American Physiological Society