The properties and determinants of hysteresis during ventricular effective refractory period (VERP) measurements by an extrastimulus technique were determined in 15 anesthetized open-chest dogs as well as in isolated ventricular muscle (n = 6). VERP was determined both by decreasing the S1-S2 interval and also by increasing S1S2. Hysteresis was then calculated by subtracting the VERP obtained with the decreasing S1S2 from the VERP obtained with the increasing S1S2. The effects of basic cycle length, pulse width, stimulation intensity, and the number of basic drives on VERP and hysteresis were evaluated. VERP was shorter for long pulse width, high stimulation intensities, and shorter basic cycle lengths. These modifications were not associated with significant changes of hysteresis. VERP was shorter during decreasing S1S2 than during increasing S1S2. Hysteresis was greater with 6 basic drive cycles than with 12 (P less than 0.001) in both in vivo and in vitro preparations. The data suggest that 1) hysteresis occurs during VERP measurements; 2) hysteresis is independent of stimulation modality; and 3) hysteresis decreases with the number of basic drive cycles.
- Copyright © 1988 the American Physiological Society