Rest potentiation, believed to be due to increased utilization of sarcoplasmic reticular calcium, was converted to rest depression by BAY K 8644 (1 microM). Plateau height and duration of the postrest beat were enhanced by BAY K 8644, suggesting an enhancement of extracellular calcium entry. Caffeine (3 mM) also produced depression at all rest intervals, although to a lesser extent than BAY K 8644. Compared with BAY K 8644, treatment with caffeine resulted in an elevation of plateau amplitude and a shortening of action potential duration. Action potential configuration changes induced by rest were unaltered by caffeine despite reduction in rest potentiation. Caffeine-induced rest depression was associated with an increase in the time to peak tension. This was not observed with BAY K 8644. Treatment with both caffeine (3 mM) and BAY K 8644 (1 microM) greatly prolonged time to peak tension. Action potential duration and plateau height were either maintained or increased. Less rest depression was observed with the combination than with either agent alone. These results suggest that 1) BAY K 8644 and caffeine inhibit rest potentiation by different mechanisms, and 2) caffeine-induced inhibition of calcium uptake by the sarcoplasmic reticulum may enhance the effect of BAY K 8644-induced increase in calcium influx on the contractile apparatus.
- Copyright © 1989 the American Physiological Society