To determine whether isolated changes in preload (end-diastolic force) can influence myocardial relaxation rate in normal or abnormal (hypoxic or hypertrophic) hearts, isolated LV papillary muscles from normal Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats were studied using physiologically sequenced contractions. While total (systolic) load and late (lengthening) load were held constant, maximum isometric force decline (peak -dT/dt) and maximum isotonic lengthening rate (peak +dL/dt) were measured at seven levels of preload that varied from 115 to 55% of the resting tension at maximum length-tension curves (Lmax). Muscles from normal rats were studied in the oxygenated state (95% O2-5% CO2) and in the hypoxic state (95% N2-5% CO2). Preload did not effect peak -dT/dt or peak +dL/dt in either oxygenated or hypoxic muscles. During hypoxia, peak -dT/dt and peak +dL/dt were 9.5 +/- 1.0 g.mm-2.s-1 and 0.3 +/- 0.1 muscle length/s, respectively, at a preload of 115% compared with 9.0 +/- 1.2 g.mm-2.s-1 and 0.2 +/- 0.1 at a preload of 55%. In separate experiments, the effect of preload on relaxation rate was studied in WKY and SHR rats. In neither group did preload have an independent effect on relaxation rate. In the SHRs, peak -dT/dt and peak +dL/dt were 24.3 +/- 5.3 g.mm-2.s-1 and 0.7 +/- 0.1 muscle length/s, respectively, at a preload of 115% compared with 24.7 +/- 6.6 and 0.8 +/- 0.1 at a preload of 55%. Thus, in hypoxic and hypertrophic myocardium, as in normal muscle, an acute isolated change in preload did not influence the rate of force decline or muscle lengthening.
- Copyright © 1990 the American Physiological Society