To investigate the role of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) in the regulation of resting pulmonary vascular tone and endothelium-dependent pulmonary vasodilation, we studied the hemodynamic effects of N omega-nitro-L-arginine (a new stereospecific EDRF inhibitor) in 10 spontaneously breathing lambs and then compared the hemodynamic responses to five vasodilators during pulmonary hypertension induced by the infusion of U-46619 (a thromboxane A2 mimetic) or N omega-nitro-L-arginine. N omega-nitro-L-arginine caused a significant dose-dependent increase in pulmonary arterial pressure. Pretreatment with L-arginine blocked this increase, but pretreatment with D-arginine did not, suggesting that N omega-nitro-L-arginine is a competitive inhibitor of L-arginine for EDRF production. During U-46619 infusions, acetylcholine, ATP-MgCl2, isoproterenol, sodium nitroprusside, and 8-bromoguanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-bromo-cGMP) decreased pulmonary arterial pressure. During N omega-nitro-L-arginine infusions, the decrease in pulmonary arterial pressure caused by acetylcholine and ATP-MgCl2 (endothelium-dependent vasodilators) was significantly attenuated, but the decrease caused by isoproterenol, sodium nitroprusside, and 8-bromo-cGMP (endothelium-independent vasodilators) was unchanged. This study supports the hypothesis that EDRF in part mediates resting pulmonary vascular tone and endothelium-dependent pulmonary vasodilation. N omega-nitro-L-arginine is useful for studying EDRF inhibition in intact animals.
- Copyright © 1991 the American Physiological Society