The mechanisms by which small volumes of hypertonic saline in dextran (HSD) resuscitate bled dogs are incompletely understood but may include a pulmonary osmolar reflex. A known negative effect of HSD is hemodilution that reduces O2-carrying capacity. Our goals in this study were to ascertain whether the putative osmotic reflex redistributed blood flow between muscle and gut and whether O2 delivery (DO2) was adequate at systemic and regional levels. Left hindlimb muscle and a segment of ileum were vascularly isolated in three groups (n = 8) of anesthetized dogs that were then bled to mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 40 mmHg for 30 min. At that point, all shed blood (approximately 40 ml/kg) was returned in the blood group (BLD); 20 ml/kg of Dextran 70 was given to the dextran group (DEX); and 5 ml/kg of 7.5% NaCl in dextran was given to the HSD group. MAP and cardiac output were restored to acceptable levels in all but was poorly maintained in HSD. The fall in hematocrit (41 to 25%) in HSD was matched by that in DEX (42 to 22%), so that DO2 only reached approximately 55% of that in BLD. Nevertheless, systemic and regional O2 uptakes were similar; O2 debt and repayment did not differ; and lactate metabolism was alike in all groups. O2 extraction did have to increase to near maximum in HSD, however. Other than a transient increase to muscle, HSD had no special effect on distribution of cardiac output. HSD was efficacious as a short-term resuscitative measure but did encroach markedly on O2 transport reserves.
- Copyright © 1992 the American Physiological Society