Heart rate is believed to be a primary determinant of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) release; however, we postulated that V wave wall stress is the main signal for ANF release during volume loading. Conscious dogs were volume loaded with 1,000 ml of saline while the heart rate was allowed to vary and on another day while the heart was paced at 240 beats/min. During volume loading, plasma ANF increased from 58 +/- 10 to 221 +/- 31 pg/ml (P < 0.05), and heart rate increased from 97 +/- 3 to 182 +/- 9 beats/min. During pacing, plasma ANF increased from 42 +/- 8 to 85 +/- 10 pg/ml. A wave atrial pressures were increased during pacing and were fixed due to contraction against a closed atrioventricular valve. Volume loading increased plasma ANF to 180 +/- 25 pg/ml. V wave atrial pressure increased markedly, and V wave atrial wall stress increased from 25 +/- 10 to 131 +/- 44 and from 7 +/- 4 to 116 +/- 25 g/cm2, respectively. A wave pressure and wall stress were not increased by volume loading. V wave wall stress and ANF were significantly correlated. V wave atrial wall stress accounts for the majority of change in plasma ANF (60%), while tachycardia and A wave wall stress account for a smaller fraction (40%) of change.
- Copyright © 1993 the American Physiological Society