Hypercapnia-induced cerebral vasodilation involves prostanoids in newborn pigs. However, the source of prostanoids has not been determined. The current study was designed to address the hypothesis that piglet cerebral microvascular endothelial cells increase their synthesis of prostanoids in response to high CO2. Microvascular endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and glia were isolated and grown in primary culture. They were identified morphologically and by indirect immunofluorescence staining. Cerebral microvascular endothelial cell cultures from newborn pigs produced equal amounts of 6-ketoprostaglandin (PG) F1 alpha (stable hydrolysis product of PGI2), PGE2 and a small amount of PGF2 alpha under basal conditions. Administration of calcium ionophore A23187 to the endothelial cells increased release of all three prostanoids in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Exposure of piglet cerebral microvascular endothelial cells to higher than normal CO2 increased the production of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and PGE2 but not of PGF2 alpha. The enhanced prostanoid biosynthesis was concentration dependent, peaking at 14% CO2, and was detected during the first 10 min exposure to 14% CO2. Hypercapnia-induced increased synthesis of prostanoids was blocked dose dependently by the simultaneous addition of PGH synthase inhibitor indomethacin. High CO2 did not increase prostanoid production by cerebral microvascular smooth muscle cells or glia, although A23187 enhanced prostanoid formation by both cell types. These data show that high CO2 stimulates prostanoid synthesis by newborn pig cerebral microvascular endothelial cells, which is consistent with an involvement of cerebral vascular endothelium in hypercapnia-induced vasodilation.
- Copyright © 1993 the American Physiological Society