Pressure-flow autoregulation minimizes changes in coronary blood flow (CBF) when coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) is altered. This investigation determined if autoregulation also minimizes CPP-induced changes in coronary vascular volume (CVV) and CVV-dependent changes in myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2). In 11 anesthetized dogs, the left anterior descending coronary artery was cannulated, and responses to 20-mmHg changes in CPP were examined over a range of CPP from 60 to 180 mmHg. Changes in CPP had no significant effect on systemic hemodynamics or on left ventricular end-diastolic segment length, end-systolic segment length, or percent segment shortening. In hearts with effective pressure-flow autoregulation [closed-loop gain (GC) > 0.4], CVV increased 0.06%/mmHg change in CPP. For the same hearts, MVO2 increased 0.04%/mmHg change in CPP. In hearts with ineffective autoregulation (GC < 0.4), CVV increased 0.97%/mmHg (P < 0.001 vs. autoregulating hearts), and MVO2 increased 0.41%/mmHg (P < 0.001 vs. autoregulating hearts). MVO2 and CVV were correlated (r = 0.69, P < 0.0001) independently of autoregulatory capability, but only when autoregulation was poor and capacitance was elevated did CPP significantly affect MVO2. We conclude that pressure-flow autoregulation protects myocardium from CPP-induced changes in CVV, which in turn produces changes in oxygen consumption.
- Copyright © 1994 the American Physiological Society