This study reports measurements of porcine neutrophil dynamics in isolated microvessels. Porcine coronary venules and arterioles were isolated, cannulated, and perfused with fluorescently labeled neutrophils at a series of flow velocities. In venules (62.50 +/- 5.41 microns diam) under control conditions, rolling neutrophils were often observed at intraluminal flow velocities ranging from 600 to 6,000 microns/s, and the rolling fraction varied inversely as a function of flow velocity. There was no significant adherence under the control conditions at any of the various flow velocities. Pretreatment of the neutrophils with human recombinant complement 5a (C5a, 10(-8) M) increased adherence at low flow velocities but did not alter the rolling fraction. In contrast to venules, rolling neutrophils were not observed in arterioles (58.80 +/- 5.6 microns diam). Furthermore, neutrophils that were pretreated with C5a did not adhere to the arteriolar endothelium even at low flow velocities. We suggest that 1) isolated microvessels perfused with fluorescently labeled neutrophils are suitable models for the study of the interaction between neutrophils and the microvascular endothelium, 2) shear force plays an important role in neutrophil rolling in coronary venules but is not the major factor that prevents neutrophil rolling and adherence in arterioles, and 3) C5a causes neutrophil adherence in venules but not in arterioles, indicating that different mechanisms underlie the interaction between neutrophils and endothelium in venules and arterioles.
- Copyright © 1995 the American Physiological Society