The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the cardiovascular actions of diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin (DCLHb) was studied in anesthetized rats. The regional circulatory and systemic hemodynamic effects of DCLHb (400 mg/kg iv) were studied using a radioactive microsphere technique in control (untreated) and L-arginine (a NO precursor) pretreated rats. DCLHb produced a significant increase in blood pressure (75%), cardiac output (42%), stroke volume (36%), and total peripheral resistance (45%), without affecting heart rate, when administered to control rats. L-Arginine pretreatment significantly attenuated DCLHb-induced systemic hemodynamic effects. DCLHb-induced increase in blood flow to the skin and spleen was completely blocked, and that to the heart was partially blocked, by L-arginine pretreatment, suggesting that cardiovascular actions induced by DCLHb could be antagonized by the NO precursor L-arginine. The NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) produced significant increases in regional vascular resistance, leading to a decrease in blood flow to all the organs except the heart, where an increase in blood flow and a decrease in vascular resistance was observed. DCLHb, when administered in L-NAME-pretreated rats, accentuated the decrease in blood flow to the gastrointestinal system, spleen, mesentery and pancreas, skin, and musculoskeletal system. These studies provide evidence that the NO precursor L-arginine can attenuate the effects of DCLHb and that DCLHb can potentiate the effect of the NOS inhibitor L-NAME. The role of NO in the mechanism of action of DCLHb was further studied by estimating plasma guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) in control, DCLHb-treated, L-NAME-treated, and L-NAME followed by DCLHb-treated rats. DCLHb and L-NAME significantly decreased the concentration of circulating cGMP in blood plasma. L-NAME pretreatment potentiated DCLHb-induced decrease in cGMP levels. Because the formation of cGMP is stimulated by NO, these studies provide additional evidence for the involvement of NO in the mechanism of action of DCLHb. It is concluded that NO plays an important role in the cardiovascular effects of DCLHb.
- Copyright © 1995 the American Physiological Society