To elucidate pathophysiological alterations in vascular relaxation in rats with chronic heart failure (CHF), guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP)- and adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-mediated vasorelaxations in pulmonary artery (PA) and thoracic aorta (TA) of rats were examined 12 wk after coronary artery ligation. Acetylcholine (ACh)-induced relaxation was attenuated in endothelium-intact segments of both arteries, whereas sodium nitroprusside-induced relaxation was attenuated only in endothelium-intact TA segments of rats with CHF. Vasorelaxations elicited by isoproterenol and NKH-477, a water-soluble forskolin analogue, were diminished mainly in PA segments of the CHF rat. NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced decrease in cGMP level was less in endothelium-intact TA segments of the rat with CHF (0.20 +/- 0.06 vs. 0.99 +/- 0.26 pmol/mg protein in control), suggesting that basal nitric oxide (NO) production is reduced in CHF. Treatment with L-NAME attenuated the isoproterenol-induced relaxation only in endothelium-intact TA segments in control rats but not in CHF rats. The results suggest that both cGMP- and cAMP-mediated relaxations are impaired in CHF, and a reduction of NO synthesis, presumably in endothelial cells, plays a significant role in pathophysiological alterations in vessels of rats with CHF.
- Copyright © 1996 the American Physiological Society