Recently, it was reported that rabbit and human red blood cells (RBCs) release ATP in response to mechanical deformation. Here we investigate the hypothesis that the activity of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), a member of the ATP binding cassette, is required for deformation-induced ATP release from RBCs. Incubation of rabbit RBCs with either of two inhibitors of CFTR activity, glibenclamide (10 μM) or niflumic acid (20 μM), resulted in inhibition of deformation-induced ATP release. To demonstrate the contribution of CFTR to deformation-induced ATP release from human RBCs, cells from healthy humans, patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), or patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) unrelated to CF were studied. RBCs of healthy humans and COPD patients released ATP in response to mechanical deformation. In contrast, deformation of RBCs from patients with CF did not result in ATP release. We conclude that deformation-induced ATP release from rabbit and human RBCs requires CFTR activity, suggesting a previously unrecognized role for CFTR in the regulation of vascular resistance.
- cystic fibrosis
- chronic obstructive lung disease
- nitric oxide
- pulmonary circulation
- vascular resistance
- adenosine 5′-triphosphate
- cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator
Address for reprint requests: R. S. Sprague, Saint Louis Univ., School of Medicine, 1402 South Grand Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63104.
This work is supported by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Grants HL-51298, HL-52675, HL-02602, and HL-39226.
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- Copyright © 1998 the American Physiological Society