Heart and Circulatory Physiology

Angiotensin-(1–7) stimulates high atrial pacing-induced ANP secretion via Mas/PI3-kinase/Akt axis and Na+/H+ exchanger

Amin Shah, Rukhsana Gul, Kuichang Yuan, Shan Gao, Young-Bin Oh, Uh-Hyun Kim, Suhn Hee Kim


Angiotensin-(1–7) [ANG-(1–7)], one of the bioactive peptides produced in the renin-angiotensin system, plays a pivotal role in cardiovascular physiology by providing a counterbalance to the function of ANG II. Recently, it has been considered as a potential candidate for therapeutic use in the treatment of various types of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the present study is to explain the modulatory role of ANG-(1–7) in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) secretion and investigate the functional relationship between two peptides to induce cardiovascular effects using isolated perfused beating rat atria and a cardiac hypertrophied rat model. ANG-(1–7) (0.01, 0.1, and 1 μM) increased ANP secretion and ANP concentration in a dose-dependent manner at high atrial pacing (6.0 Hz) with increased cGMP production. However, at low atrial pacing (1.2 Hz), ANG-(1–7) did not cause changes in atrial parameters. Pretreatment with an antagonist of the Mas receptor or with inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt), or nitric oxide synthase blocked the augmentation of high atrial pacing-induced ANP secretion by ANG-(1–7). A similar result was observed with the inhibition of the Na+/H+ exchanger-1 and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII). ANG-(1–7) did not show basal intracellular Ca2+ signaling in quiescent atrial myocytes. In an in vivo study using an isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy animal model, an acute infusion of ANG-(1–7) increased the plasma concentration of ANP by twofold without changes in blood pressure and heart rate. A chronic administration of ANG-(1–7) increased the plasma ANP level and attenuated isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy. The antihypertrophic effect was abrogated by a cotreatment with the natriuretic peptide receptor-A antagonist. These results suggest that 1) ANG-(1–7) increased ANP secretion at high atrial pacing via the Mas/PI3K/Akt pathway and the activation of Na+/H+ exchanger-1 and CaMKII and 2) ANG-(1–7) decreased cardiac hypertrophy which might be mediated by ANP.

  • atrial natriuretic peptide
  • cardiac hypertrophy
  • atrial myocyte
  • Mas
  • signal transduction
  • phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase
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