Heart and Circulatory Physiology

Acute and chronic angiotensin-(1–7) restores vasodilation and reduces oxidative stress in mesenteric arteries of salt-fed rats

Gábor Raffai, Matthew J. Durand, Julian H. Lombard


This study determined the effect of ANG-(1–7) on salt-induced suppression of endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in the mesenteric arteries of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Chronic intravenous infusion of ANG-(1–7), oral administration of the nonpeptide mas receptor agonist AVE-0991, and acute preincubation of the arteries with ANG-(1–7) and AVE-0991 all restored vasodilator responses to both ACh and histamine that were absent in the arteries of rats fed a high-salt (4% NaCl) diet. The protective effects of ANG-(1–7) and AVE-0991 were inhibited by acute or chronic administration of the mas receptor antagonist A-779, the ANG II type 2 (AT2) receptor blocker PD-123319, or N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester, but not the ANG II type 1 receptor antagonist losartan. Preincubation with the antioxidant tempol or the nitric oxide (NO) donor diethylenetriamine NONOate and acute and chronic administration of the AT2 receptor agonist CGP-42112 mimicked the protective effect of ANG-(1–7) to restore vascular relaxation. Acute preincubation with ANG-(1–7) and chronic infusion of ANG-(1–7) ameliorated the elevated superoxide levels in rats fed a high-salt diet, but the expression of Cu/Zn SOD and Mn SOD enzyme proteins in the vessel wall was unaffected by ANG-(1–7) infusion. These results indicate that both acute and chronic systemic administration of ANG-(1–7) or AVE-0991 restore endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation in salt-fed Sprague-Dawley rats by reducing vascular oxidant stress and enhancing NO availability via mas and AT2 receptors. These findings suggest a therapeutic potential for mas/AT2 receptor activation in preventing the vascular oxidant stress and endothelial dysfunction associated with elevated dietary salt intake.

  • renin-angiotensin system
  • Sprague-Dawley rat
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