Heart and Circulatory Physiology

Chronic infusion of angiotensin-(1-7) into the lateral ventricle of the brain attenuates hypertension in DOCA-salt rats

Priscila S. Guimaraes, Nivia M. Santiago, Carlos H. Xavier, Elizabeth P. P. Velloso, Marco A. P. Fontes, Robson A. S. Santos, Maria Jose Campagnole-Santos


Angiotensin-(ANG)-(1-7) is known by its central and peripheral actions, which mainly oppose the deleterious effects induced by accumulation of ANG II during pathophysiological conditions. In the present study we evaluated whether a chronic increase in ANG-(1-7) levels in the brain would modify the progression of hypertension. After DOCA-salt hypertension was induced for seven days, Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 14 days of intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of ANG-(1-7) (200 ng/h, DOCA-A7) or 0.9% sterile saline. As expected, on the 21st day, DOCA rats presented increased mean arterial pressure (MAP) (≈40%), and impaired baroreflex control of heart rate (HR) and baroreflex renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) in comparison with that in normotensive control rats (CTL). These changes were followed by an overactivity of the cardiac sympathetic tone and reduction of the cardiac parasympathetic tone, and exaggerated mRNA expression of collagen type I (≈9-fold) in the left ventricle. In contrast, DOCA rats treated with ANG-(1-7) ICV had an improvement of baroreflex control of HR, which was even higher than that in CTL, and a restoration of the baroreflex control of RSNA, the balance of cardiac autonomic tone, and normalized mRNA expression of collagen type I in the left ventricle. Furthermore, DOCA-A7 had MAP lowered significantly. These effects were not accompanied by significant circulating or cardiac changes in angiotensin levels. Taken together, our data show that chronic increase in ANG-(1-7) in the brain attenuates the development of DOCA-salt hypertension, highlighting the importance of this peptide in the brain for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

  • renin-angiotensin system
  • deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt
  • baroreflex
  • collagen
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