Dramatic maturational changes in cardiac energy metabolism occur in the newborn period, with a shift from glycolysis to fatty acid oxidation. Acetylation and succinylation of lysyl residues are novel posttranslational modifications involved in the control of cardiac energy metabolism. We investigated the impact of changes in protein acetylation/succinylation on the maturational changes in energy metabolism of 1-, 7-, and 21-day-old rabbit hearts. Cardiac fatty acid β-oxidation rates increased in 21-day vs. 1- and 7-day-old hearts, whereas glycolysis and glucose oxidation rates decreased in 21-day-old hearts. The fatty acid oxidation enzymes, long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAD) and β-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (β-HAD), were hyperacetylated with maturation, positively correlated with their activities and fatty acid β-oxidation rates. This alteration was associated with increased expression of the mitochondrial acetyltransferase, general control of amino acid synthesis 5 like 1 (GCN5L1), since silencing GCN5L1 mRNA in H9c2 cells significantly reduced acetylation and activity of LCAD and β-HAD. An increase in mitochondrial ATP production rates with maturation was associated with the decreased acetylation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α, a transcriptional regulator for mitochondrial biogenesis. In addition, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, hexokinase, and phosphoglycerate mutase expression declined postbirth, whereas acetylation of these glycolytic enzymes increased. Phosphorylation rather than acetylation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) increased in 21-day-old hearts, accounting for the low glucose oxidation postbirth. A maturational increase was also observed in succinylation of PDH and LCAD. Collectively, our data are the first suggesting that acetylation and succinylation of the key metabolic enzymes in newborn hearts play a crucial role in cardiac energy metabolism with maturation.
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- myocardial fatty acid oxidation
- lysine acetylation
- lysine succinylation
- newborn heart
- Copyright © 2016 the American Physiological Society
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