High cerebral pressure and flow fluctuations could be a risk for future cerebrovascular disease. This study aims to determine whether acute systemic vasoconstriction affects the dynamic pulsatile hemodynamic transmission from the aorta to the brain. We applied a stepwise lower body negative pressure (LBNP) (−10, −20, and −30 mmHg) in 15 young men to induce systemic vasoconstriction. To elucidate the dynamic relationship between the changes in aortic pressure (AoP; estimated from the radial arterial pressure waveforms) and the cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) at the middle cerebral artery (via a transcranial Doppler), frequency-domain analysis characterized the beat-to-beat slow oscillation (0.02–0.30 Hz) and the intra-beat rapid change (0.78–9.69 Hz). The systemic vascular resistance gradually and significantly increased throughout the LBNP protocol. In the low-frequency range (LF: 0.07–0.20 Hz) of a slow oscillation, the normalized transfer function gain of the steady-state component (between mean AoP and mean CBFV) remained unchanged, whereas that of the pulsatile component (between pulsatile AoP and pulsatile CBFV) was significantly augmented during −20 and −30 mmHg of LBNP (+28.8% and +32.4% vs. baseline). Furthermore, the relative change in the normalized transfer function gain of the pulsatile component at the LF range correlated with the corresponding change in systemic vascular resistance (r = 0.41, P = 0.005). Regarding the intra-beat analysis, the normalized transfer function gain from AoP to CBFV was not significantly affected by the LBNP stimulation (P = 0.77). Our findings suggest that systemic vasoconstriction deteriorates the dampening effect on the pulsatile hemodynamics toward the brain, particularly in slow oscillations (e.g., 0.07–0.20 Hz).
NEW & NOTEWORTHY We characterized the pulsatile hemodynamic transmission from the heart to the brain by frequency-domain analysis. The low-frequency transmission was augmented with a mild LBNP stimulation partly due to the elevated systemic vascular resistance. A systemic vasoconstriction deteriorates the dampening effect on slow oscillations of pulsatile hemodynamics toward the brain.
- lower body negative pressure
- power spectral analysis
- transcranial Doppler method
- Windkessel function
- Copyright © 2017 the American Physiological Society
Please sign in below with your personal user name and password.