Cardiac metabolic remodeling is a central event during heart failure (HF) development following myocardial infarction (MI). It is well-known that myocardial glucose and fatty acids dysmetabolism contributes to post-MI cardiac dysfunction and remodeling. However, the role of amino acids metabolism in post-MI HF remains elusive. Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) are an important group of essential amino acids and function as a crucial nutrient signaling in mammalian animals. The present study aimed to determine the role of cardiac BCAA metabolism in post-MI HF progression. Utilizing coronary artery ligation-induced murine MI models, we found that myocardial BCAA catabolism was significantly impaired in response to permanent MI, therefore leading to an obvious elevation of myocardial BCAA abundance. In MI-operated mice, oral BCAA administration further increased cardiac BCAA levels, activated the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling, and exacerbated cardiac dysfunction and remodeling. These data demonstrate that BCAA act as a direct contributor to post-MI cardiac pathologies. Furthermore, these BCAA-mediated deleterious effects were improved by rapamycin co-treatment, revealing an indispensible role of mTOR in BCAA-mediated adverse effects on cardiac function/structure post-MI. Of note, pharmacological inhibition of branched chain-ketoacid dehydrogenase kinase (BDK), a negative regulator of myocardial BCAA catabolism, significantly improved cardiac BCAA catabolic disorders, reduced myocardial BCAA levels, and ameliorated post-MI cardiac dysfunction and remodeling. In conclusion, our data provide the evidence that impaired cardiac BCAA catabolism directly contributes to post-MI cardiac dysfunction and remodeling. Moreover, improving cardiac BCAA catabolic defects may be a promising therapeutic strategy against post-MI HF.
- Branched chain amino acids
- Heart failure
- Mammalian target of rapamycin
- Myocardial infarction
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology