Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health problem worldwide. In addition to its high mortality (35-40%) survivors are left with cognitive, behavioral and communicative disabilities. While little can be done to reverse initial, primary brain damage caused by trauma, the secondary injury of cerebral tissue due to cerebromicrovascular alterations and dysregulation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) is potentially preventable. This review focuses on functional, cellular and molecular changes of autoregulatory function of CBF (with special focus on cerebrovascular myogenic response) that occur in cerebral circulation after TBI and explores the links between autoregulatory dysfunction, impaired myogenic response, microvascular impairment and the development of secondary brain damage. We further provide a synthesized translational view of molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in cortical spreading depolarization-related neurovascular dysfunction, which could be targeted for the prevention or amelioration of TBI-induced secondary brain damage.
- neurovascular coupling
- spreading depression
- brain damage
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology