Stimulation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and β-adrenergic receptors plays an important role in adult heart failure (HF). Despite the demonstrated benefits of RAAS inhibition and β-adrenergic receptor blockade in adult HF patients, no substantial improvement in survival rate has been observed in children with HF. This suggests that the underlying disease mechanism is uniquely regulated in pediatric HF. Here, we show that treatment of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) and neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) with serum from pediatric dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients induces pathologic changes in gene expression, which occurs independently of the RAAS and adrenergic systems, suggesting that serum circulating factors play an important role in cardiac remodeling. Furthermore, exosomes purified from DCM serum induced pathological changes in gene expression in NRVMs and iPSC-CMs. Our results suggest that DCM serum exosomes mediate pathological responses in cardiomyocytes, and may propagate the pediatric HF disease process, representing a potential novel therapeutic target specific to this population.
- dilated cardiomyopathy
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology