High cerebral pressure and flow fluctuations could be a risk for future cerebrovascular disease. This study aims to determine whether acute systemic vasoconstriction affects the dynamic pulsatile hemodynamic transmission from the aorta to the brain. We applied a stepwise lower body negative pressure (LBNP) (-10, -20, and -30 mmHg) in 15 young men to induce systemic vasoconstriction. To elucidate the dynamic relationship between the changes in aortic pressure (AoP, estimated from the radial arterial pressure waveforms) and the cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) at the middle cerebral artery (via a transcranial Doppler), frequency-domain analysis characterized the beat-to-beat slow oscillation (0.02-0.30 Hz) and the intra-beat rapid change (0.78-9.69 Hz). The systemic vascular resistance gradually and significantly increased throughout the LBNP protocol. In the low-frequency range (LF: 0.07-0.20 Hz) of a slow oscillation, the normalized transfer function gain of the steady-state component (between mean AoP and mean CBFV) remained unchanged, whereas that of the pulsatile component (between pulsatile AoP and pulsatile CBFV) was significantly augmented during -20 and -30 mmHg of LBNP (+28.8% and +32.4% vs. baseline). Furthermore, the relative change in the normalized transfer function gain of the pulsatile component at the LF range correlated with the corresponding change in systemic vascular resistance (r=0.41, P=0.005). Regarding the intra-beat analysis, the normalized transfer function gain from AoP to CBFV was not significantly affected by the LBNP stimulation (P=0.77). Our findings suggest that systemic vasoconstriction deteriorates the dampening effect on the pulsatile hemodynamics toward the brain, particularly in slow oscillations (e.g., 0.07-0.20 Hz).
- Lower body negative pressure
- Power spectral analysis
- Transcranial Doppler method
- Windkessel function
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology