We tested the hypothesis that platelet-activating factor (PAF) induces S-nitrosylation of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) as a mechanism to reduce microvascular endothelial barrier integrity and stimulate hyperpermeability. PAF elevated S-nitrosylation of VASP above baseline levels in different endothelial cells and caused hyperpermeability. To ascertain the importance of eNOS subcellular location in this process, we used ECV-304 cells transfected with cytosolic eNOS (GFPeNOSG2A) and plasma membrane eNOS (GFPeNOSCAAX). PAF induced S-nitrosylation of VASP in cells with cytosolic eNOS but not in cells wherein eNOS is anchored to the cell membrane. Reconstitution of VASP-knockout myocardial endothelial cells with cysteine mutants of VASP demonstrated that S-nitrosylation of cysteine 64 is associated with PAF-induced hyperpermeability. We propose that regulation of VASP contributes to endothelial cell barrier integrity and to the onset of hyperpermeability. S-nitrosylation of VASP inhibits its function in barrier integrity and leads to endothelial monolayer hyperpermeability in response to PAF, a representative pro-inflammatory agonist.
- nitric oxide
- endothelial function
- Copyright © 2017, American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology