Table 3.

Hemodynamic differences between patients with T2DM and nondiabetic participants at rest and during a bout of light- to moderate-intensity exercise

RestExercise
Hemodynamic VariablesT2DM
(n = 39)
Nondiabetic
(n = 39)
P ValueT2DM
(n = 39)
Nondiabetic
(n = 39)
P Value
Central systolic blood pressure, mmHg115 ± 12103 ± 10<0.001132 ± 14114 ± 12<0.001
Central pulse pressure, mmHg45 ± 937 ± 5<0.00153 ± 1139 ± 7<0.001
Augmented pressure, mmHg13 ± 58 ± 5<0.0019 ± 64 ± 4<0.001
Peak reservoir pressure, mmHg35 ± 832 ± 40.01118 ± 1014 ± 50.14
Reservoir pressure integral, Pa/s1,897 ± 5361,888 ± 3700.93793 ± 484676 ± 2670.32
Peak excess pressure, mmHg35 ± 930 ± 40.00374 ± 1658 ± 12<0.001
Excess pressure integral, Pa/s636 ± 197492 ± 96<0.0011,671 ± 4651,272 ± 467<0.001
Aortic pulse wave velocity, m/s8.0 ± 2.16.3 ± 1.4<0.0019.7 ± 2.17.1 ± 1.4<0.001
Heart rate, beats/min64 ± 858 ± 80.00192 ± 1286 ± 110.050
Cardiac output, l/min5.4 ± 1.014.5 ± 0.7<0.0018.3 ± 1.57.9 ± 1.30.23
Stroke volume, ml83 ± 11379 ± 140.1391 ± 1392 ± 140.62
Systemic vascular resistance, dyne·s−1·cm−51,361 ± 2431,504 ± 2600.0151,003 ± 200980 ± 1560.57
Brachial systolic blood pressure, mmHg125 ± 13114 ± 9<0.001155 ± 17135 ± 14<0.001
Brachial diastolic blood pressure, mmHg69 ± 865 ± 60.02877 ± 974 ± 80.094
Brachial pulse pressure, mmHg56 ± 1149 ± 5<0.00178 ± 1561 ± 10<0.001
  • Data are expressed as means ± SD; n, no. of subjects. P value is for between-group analyses.