Table 3.

Flow-mediated dilation and hemodynamic responses across time during the sitting-control, acute cardio-based, and resistance-based interval conditions in T2D and age-matched UN-NG and TR-NG

CTLC-INTR-INT
BaselineImmed-ex1 h2 hBaselineImmed-ex1 h2 hBaselineImmed-ex1 h2 h
T2D
    Baseline diameter, mm4.3 ± 0.94.3 ± 0.94.3 ± 1.04.3 ± 0.94.4 ± 0.94.4 ± 1.04.4 ± 1.04.3 ± 1.04.3 ± 0.84.2 ± 0.94.3 ± 0.94.2 ± 1.0
    Peak diameter, mm4.5 ± 0.94.6 ± 1.04.6 ± 1.04.5 ± 0.94.6 ± 0.94.7 ± 1.04.7 ± 1.04.5 ± 1.04.5 ± 0.84.6 ± 1.04.6 ± 1.04.5 ± 1.0
    Dbase-adjusted FMD5.7 ± 1.65.1 ± 1.65.2 ± 1.35.6 ± 1.46.0 ± 2.27.1 ± 5.64.7 ± 6.26.8 ± 3.15.0 ± 1.68.6 ± 5.8*9.9 ± 9.1*5.8 ± 5.1
    Blood flow, ml/min117 ± 55109 ± 47124 ± 65117 ± 5893 ± 26148 ± 61*130 ± 2374 ± 2893 ± 38130 ± 62*96 ± 3691 ± 42
    Systolic BP, mmHg124 ± 11126 ± 12128 ± 12127 ± 11128 ± 13124 ± 21*124 ± 20*124 ± 11*125 ± 12125 ± 12123 ± 9*122 ± 7*
    Diastolic BP, mmHg79 ± 881 ± 680 ± 780 ± 577 ± 876 ± 879 ± 679 ± 679 ± 978 ± 577 ± 578 ± 4
UN-NG
    Baseline diameter, mm4.2 ± 0.84.1 ± 0.84.1 ± 0.74.1 ± 0.94.3 ± 1.04.1 ± 0.94.2 ± 1.04.1 ± 0.84.4 ± 0.84.4 ± 0.84.4 ± 0.94.4 ± 0.9
    Peak diameter, mm4.5 ± 0.94.4 ± 0.94.4 ± 0.84.3 ± 0.94.6 ± 0.94.4 ± 0.94.5 ± 0.94.4 ± 0.94.5 ± 1.24.5 ± 1.04.6 ± 1.14.7 ± 0.9
    Dbase-adjusted FMD6.5 ± 2.06.8 ± 3.16.2 ± 3.07.1 ± 2.26.0 ± 4.16.3 ± 3.66.0 ± 4.96.5 ± 3.17.5 ± 5.19.6 ± 6.28.9 ± 5.18.8 ± 6.5
    Blood flow, ml/min102 ± 53104 ± 6694 ± 4193 ± 56134 ± 95141 ± 76160 ± 73*138 ± 102*100 ± 58122 ± 44134 ± 72142 ± 83
    Systolic BP, mmHg122 ± 12124 ± 12125 ± 13125 ± 12123 ± 10118 ± 15120 ± 11*122 ± 13123 ± 14123 ± 15119 ± 12*122 ± 16
    Diastolic BP, mmHg81 ± 781 ± 683 ± 782 ± 679 ± 574 ± 9*76 ± 7*76 ± 7*79 ± 879 ± 678 ± 579 ± 8
TR-NG
    Baseline diameter, mm4.4 ± 0.84.3 ± 0.84.4 ± 0.94.3 ± 0.84.2 ± 0.44.3 ± 0.94.4 ± 0.84.3 ± 0.84.4 ± 0.84.4 ± 0.84.4 ± 0.94.4 ± 0.9
    Peak diameter, mm4.7 ± 0.84.6 ± 1.04.7 ± 0.94.7 ± 0.94.7 ± 0.84.8 ± 0.94.8 ± 0.94.8 ± 1.04.5 ± 0.84.6 ± 0.94.7 ± 0.94.7 ± 0.9
    Dbase-adjusted FMD8.4 ± 2.07.7 ± 1.97.5 ± 2.17.3 ± 2.78.3 ± 2.09.2 ± 4.19.5 ± 2.610.4 ± 2.77.5 ± 1.97.1 ± 1.78.8 ± 2.19.3 ± 1.8
    Blood flow, ml/min144 ± 109133 ± 104139 ± 113128 ± 98127 ± 86186 ± 122*128 ± 84100 ± 53116 ± 64153 ± 95*129 ± 5594 ± 74
    Systolic BP, mmHg116 ± 9114 ± 11104 ± 34105 ± 34117 ± 10109 ± 9*101 ± 33*101 ± 33*113 ± 8111 ± 699 ± 32*100 ± 32*
    Diastolic BP, mmHg74 ± 974 ± 868 ± 2268 ± 2277 ± 674 ± 668 ± 2268 ± 2274 ± 671 ± 766 ± 2267 ± 22
  • Values are mean ± SD.

  • Immed-ex, immediately after exercise/control; FMD, flow-mediated dilation; Dbase-adjusted FMD, allometric scaled flow-mediated dilation to diameter; BP, blood pressure.

  • * P < 0.05 vs. CTL.

  • P < 0.05 vs. C-INT.