Table 3.

Left ventricle thickness, using M-mode echocardiography for control vs. gestational TiO2-exposed animals at the young adult (6-12 wk) stage

MeasurementUnitsControl Average ± SEExposed Average ± SE
IVS;dmm1.92 ± 0.061.77 ± 0.06
IVS;smm3.21 ± 0.06*2.91 ± 0.07*
LVID;dmm6.45 ± 0.136.14 ± 0.17
LVID;smm3.28 ± 0.153.07 ± 0.10
LVPW;dmm1.88 ± 0.101.77 ± 0.07
LVPW;smm2.87 ± 0.092.69 ± 0.08
  • Values are averages ± SE for each measure. IVS;d, interventricular end-diastolic septal thickness; IVS;s, interventricular end-systolic septal thickness; LVID;d, left ventricular end-diastolic internal thickness; LVID;s, left ventricular end-systolic thickness; LVPW;d, left ventricular end-diastolic posterior wall thickness; LVPW;s, left ventricular end-systolic posterior wall thickness.

  • * P ≤ 0.05.