Table 1.

B-Mode echocardiography for control vs. gestational TiO2-exposed animals at the young adult (6-12 wk) stage

CalculationUnitsControl Average ± SEExposed Average ± SE
Area;d (LV trace)mm260.39 ± 3.8756.39 ± 2.49
Area;s (LV trace)mm225.64 ± 2.6925.59 ± 1.97
CO (LV trace)ml/min196.01 ± 18.54177.18 ± 12.10
EF (LV trace)%77.29 ± 2.6975.70 ± 2.27
FS (LV trace)%20.64 ± 2.0716.26 ± 1.64
SV (LV trace)µl200.21 ± 18.21179.19 ± 12.07
V;d (LV trace)µl262.54 ± 24.54238.86 ± 16.45
V;s (LV trace)µl62.33 ± 9.6859.67 ± 7.022
  • Values are averages ± SE for each measure. Area;d, diastolic area; Area;s, systolic area; CO, cardiac output; EF, ejection fraction; FS, fractional shortening; SV, stroke volume; V;d, volume at diastole; V;s, volume at systole.