Attribute | Number or Mean ± SD | Min–Max |
---|---|---|

Gender | 12 male, 1 female | |

Age, yr | 56.6±2.7 | 32–73 |

Preexisting diagnosis of hypertension | 1 | |

Preexisting diagnosis of diabetes | 1 |

Measured Variables | Mean±SD | Range (Min–Max) |
---|---|---|

EF, % | 67.7±14.8 | 41.0–84.0 |

P_{LV max}, mmHg | 144±23 | 107–182 |

LVEDP, mmHg | 17.5±6.2 | 7.9–31.0 |

P_{LVmin}, mmHg | 8.26±4.67 | 1.88–20.29 |

P_{Aomax}, mmHg | 146±24 | 107–183 |

P_{es}, mmHg | 119±23 | 92–173 |

P_{Aomin}, mmHg | 77.3±10.3 | 54.6–96.5 |

dP_{LV}/dt^{+}, mmHg/s | 1,360±300 | 1,030–1,920 |

dP_{LV}/dt^{−}, mmHg/s | −1,690±310 | −2,250 to 1,120 |

dP_{Ao}/dt^{+}, mmHg/s | 739±248 | 535–1,310 |

dP_{Ao}/dt^{−}, mmHg/s | −661±193 | −976 to −392 |

τ, ms | 57.8±22.7 | 32.6–105 |

κ, ms | 366±126 | 245–727 |

SV, ml | 133±29 | 85–174 |

k, s^{−2} | 184±51 | 98–265 |

Derived Variables | Mean±SD | Range (Min–Max) |
---|---|---|

SW, ml × mmHg | 14,800±4,000 | 9,800–27,800 |

E_{a}, mmHg/ml | 0.945±0.310 | 0.579–1.520 |

K_{LV}^{+}, s^{−2} | 412±133 | 222–713 |

K_{LV}^{−}, s^{−2} | 631±157 | 349–879 |

K_{Ao}^{+}, s^{−2} | 552±266 | 220–1,070 |

K_{Ao}^{−}, s^{−2} | 422±123 | 245–690 |

EF, ejection fraction; P

_{LV max}, maximum pressure; LVEDP, left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic pressure; P_{LV min}, minimum LV pressure; P_{Ao max}, maximum aortic pressure; P_{es}, end-systolic pressure; P_{Ao min}, minimum aortic pressure; dP_{LV}/d*t*^{+}, maximum time derivative of LV pressure; dP_{LV}/d*t*^{−}, minimum time derivative of LV pressure; dP_{Ao}/d*t*^{+}, maximum time derivative of aortic pressure; dP_{Ao}/d*t*^{−}, minimum time derivative of aortic pressure; τ, time constant of isovolumic relaxation; κ, time constant of relaxation in the vasculature related to the windkessel;*k*, Doppler E wave-derived stiffness; SV, stroke volume; SW, stroke work;*E*_{a}, windkessel metric (effective arterial elastance);*K*_{LV}^{+}, phase plane-derived stiffness of the LV during systole (isovolumic contraction);*K*_{LV}^{−}, phase plane-derived stiffness of the LV during diastole (isovolumic relaxation);*K*_{Ao}^{+}and*K*_{Ao}^{−}, phase-plane-derived stiffness of the aorta during initial and late ejection.